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IPO, An Opening for Development and Public Investment

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Summary

You may be a stock market professional or not, however you must have seen those large headlines in the newspaper about an IPO making big profits. Which highlights the large capital that IPOs generate, showing average returns of 55.91% (Till April 2024) at the listing date .


The IPO is a leading part of the finance world. But what they are and why companies choose them over other forms.

An Initial Public Offering (IPO) is the procedure by which a privately held firm begins to promote its shares to the broader public for the first time. This is a significant step for an organisation because it allows them to accept payments from traders and allows both small and large investors to purchase stock in the business. It appears as though the business is opening its doors to allow anyone to become a part-owner and provide early investors with the chance to realise profits.

Companies choose to go public through initial public offerings (IPOs) for a number of reasons, the main ones are :

  1. Access to Substantial Capital: An IPO can provide a business with a sizable amount of funding from a variety of public investors. Sum exceeds what might raised from rights issues or private investment.
  2. Increased Public Visibility: An IPO raises a company's visibility and market presence, which can enhance public perception of the company and increase brand recognition.
  3. Market Value and Shareholder Liquidity: Making the move to a public company establishes a market value for the company's shares and increases shareholder liquidity. This makes it easier for shareholders to buy and sell shares.
  4. Funding for Growth and Expansion - The capital garnered from an IPO can be allocated for broadening business horizons, research and development, and implementing various growth initiatives. This is in contrast to private placements, where investors may have a say in the company’s direction, or funds are raised for predetermined strategies.

An Understanding of the Two Main Initial Public Offering (IPO) Types

  1. Fixed Price Offering (Public Issue): In this type of IPO that follows the classic pattern where the company sets a fixed price for its shares. Investors must pay the entire share price at the time of applicatio in which they are advised of the price in advance. The true market demand for the shares doesn't surface until the subscription period has passed.
  2. Book Building Offering: This strategy is a more dynamic take on initial public offerings. The business suggests a pricing band, which has a minimum (floor) and maximum (cap) price, in place of establishing a set price. Within this range, potential shareholders submit bids that specify the number of shares they want to buy as well as their desired price.

Major difference between in book building and FPI - 

In Book Building, securities are offered at prices above or equal to the floor prices, while in a Fixed Price Offering (FPI), securities are offered at a fixed price. With Book Building, demand can be assessed daily as the book is built. However, in an FPI, demand is only known at the close of the issue.

 

List of Top 15 Mainboard IPOs listed in 2024 - 

 

Companies

Issue price

Listed Price

Listing Gain

Vibhor Steel Tubes Limited IPO

151

421

178.81%

BLS E-Services Limited IPO

135

305

125.93%

Exicom Tele-Systems Limited IPO

142

265

86.62%

Mukka Proteins Limited IPO

28

40

42.86%

Nova AgriTech Limited IPO

41

56

36.59%

Bharti Hexacom Limited IPO 570 755 32.46%
Platinum Industries Limited IPO

171

225

31.58%

Apeejay Surrendra Park Hotels Limited IPO

155

186

20%

GPT Healthcare Limited IPO

186

215

15.59%

Jyoti CNC Automation Limited IPO

331

370

11.78%

Krystal Integrated Services Limited IPO

715

795

11.19%

Medi Assist Healthcare Services Limited IPO

418

460

10.05%

Rashi Peripherals Limited IPO

311

339.5

9.16%

SRM Contractors Limited IPO

210

225

7.14%

Juniper Hotels Limited IPO

360

365

1.39%

 

How to Invest in IPOs?

The process of applying for an Initial Public Offering (IPO) is simplified and can be completed offline using traditional paper-based procedures or online using digital platforms. Online and on digital platforms: Investors can easily apply for an IPO by contacting brokers through their websites, their UPI ID, or online banking services.

Procedure and actions to take while making investments online:

  1. Demat and Bank Account: Since your shares will be held in this account, you need have a Demat account which needs to connect to your bank account. (Holding shares and other securities electronically is possible with a Demat account. Nevertheless, you will require a trading account in addition to a Demat account if you choose to sell these shares in the future.

  2. Research: Analysing the existing or upcoming IPO you're interested in. Take into account the company's financials, competitive advantage, growth forecasts, and IPO pricing. By reading their Red Herring Prospectus, you can also apply different valuation methods or evaluations to recent initial public offerings. (A Red Herring Prospectus is an initial document filed with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) before an Initial Public Offering (IPO) in India. It provides essential information to investors, helping them make an informed decision about the IPO, which does not include complete particulars of the quantum or price of the securities included therein).

  3. Choose the investor category you want to apply under: retail or high net worth investor (HNI). This will specify how many lots you can apply for and the minimum application amount.

  4. Application Process: Go to the IPO part of your broker's website or online banking, log in, and fill out the application by providing information about the number of shares, the bid price, and your UPI ID to make payments. (Selecting the upper price limit increases the likelihood of a share allocation in the event that the IPO is fully subscribed).

  5. Payment Gateway and Subsequent Process - Select your preferred payment method, which can be either net banking or UPI, and proceed to submit your IPO application. Once your application is submitted, the amount will be automatically blocked in your bank account. If you are allotted shares, you will receive a notification of the debit from your bank, and the shares will be credited to your Demat account within a week. If the shares are not allotted to you, the blocked amount will be released or refunded.

The offline method's procedure

Even while many people find online IPO applications more convenient, other people still choose to submit offline applications as the more conventional option. You must first get an IPO application form from your bank or broker in order to apply for an IPO offline.

Fill out the form with your personal details, such as your name, address, PAN number, and the details of your Demat account. Specify the number of shares you wish to apply for and the price you’re willing to pay. After completing the form, sign it to confirm your details and submit it back to the broker or bank. Your application will be processed, and if you’re allotted shares, they will be credited to your Demat account. If not, the blocked amount in your bank account will be released. This process allows you to participate in an IPO without the need for an online transaction.

Top Unlisted Companies & InstaBuy Companies

Sell or Purchase Share (Tentative Price)

Fundamental Analysis

Company Industry Stock P/E P/B Company rating MCAP (in Cr.) Current Price
Pharmeasy e-Commerce -1.7 1 6756 11
Reliance Retail Retailing 141.5 23 698659 1400
Orbis Financial Finance - Investment 73.9 15.9 3537 375

Top Recommendations

Hexaware Technologies

It is a leading global provider of BPO and IT services. Hexaware Technologies Limited provides IT consulting, software development, and business process services.

Unique Features

  • Delisted Company
  • Undervalued Stocks
  • Likely to Grow 2x

API Holdings

Incorporated in 2019, The company operates a consumer healthcare app called PharmEasy that enables the home delivery of pharmaceutical products.

Unique Features

  • Market Leader
  • Available now at 66% discount
  • QIB's invest at Rs.100 per share.

Sterlite Power

Sterlite Power began on 5th May 2015 and is headquartered in Delhi. It is a leading developer & solution provider in integrated power transmission.

Unique Features

  • Likely to grow in 4-5 years
  • Part of Vedanta Group
  • Decent Valuation

Signify Innovation

Incorporated in 2015. Signify is into the manufacturing of electric lights and light fixtures for consumers and professionals.

Unique Features

  • Lighting Industry
  • Part of Philips Group
  • Decent Valuation

Chennai Super Kings

CSK is a subsidiary brand of India Cements. This company is quite popular in India as it known for its cricket team.

Unique Features

  • Most loved IPL Team
  • LIC holds more than 6% Shares
  • One of the best businesses

Elcid Investment

Elcid Investments Limited was incorporated on 3 December 1981 in Mumbai. It is a Non-Banking Finance Company registered with the Reserve Bank of India.

Unique Features

  • NBFC
  • Listed Company
  • Book Value is Rs.6,16,440.

Studds Accessories

STUDDS is a leading manufacturer of motorcycle accessories and helmets. They become the largest helmet manufacturer (two-wheeler) in the world.

Unique Features

  • No.1 Brand of Helmets
  • Having business in 20+ countries
  • Trustworthy Management

Mohan Meakin

Mohan Meakin manufactures alcoholic beverages such as rum, whisky, beer, etc., and non-alcoholic beverages like apple juice, mineral water, etc.

Unique Features

  • Delisted Company
  • Decent Valuation
  • Popular alcoholic (Old Monk)

Orbis Financial

Orbis is recognized as a leading player in the Financial Services Industry, providing Securities Services since 2009 to FDI, Corporate, HNI's.

Unique Features

  • leading player
  • Decent Valuation
  • Excellent growth

Schneider Electric

Schneider Electric President Systems Limited is a designer, manufacturer and supplier of customized enclosure systems for over 30 years.

Unique Features

  • Delisted Company
  • Undervalued Stocks
  • In FY22, 45% growth in Sales

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Success Stories

How Your Money Can Grow With Us

ICICI Prudential

Pre IPO Price:
130
IPO Price:
334
Listing Price:
310
Absoulte return 138%

1 Lac Invested in ICICI Prudential pre-ipo turned into 2.3 Lac after listing.

ICICI Lombard

Pre IPO Price:
400
IPO Price:
661
Listing Price:
680
Absoulte return 70%

1 Lac Invested in ICICI Lombard pre-ipo turned into 1.7 Lac after listing.

HDFC Life

Pre IPO Price:
210
IPO Price:
290
Listing Price:
344
Absoulte return 64%

1 Lac Invested in HDFC Life pre-ipo turned into 1.6 Lac after listing.

AU Small Finance Bank

Pre IPO Price:
175
IPO Price:
358
Listing Price:
597
Absoulte return 241%

1 Lac Invested in AU Small Finance Bank pre-ipo turned into 3.4 Lac after listing.

RBL Bank

Pre IPO Price:
60
IPO Price:
225
Listing Price:
301
Absoulte return 402%

1 Lac Invested in RBL Bank pre-ipo turned into 5 Lac after listing.

BSE

Pre IPO Price:
200
IPO Price:
806
Listing Price:
1069
Absoulte return 435%

1 Lac Invested in BSE pre-ipo turned into 5.3 Lac after listing.

CDSL

Pre IPO Price:
60
IPO Price:
150
Listing Price:
261
Absoulte return 335%

1 Lac Invested in CDSL pre-ipo turned into 4.3 Lac after listing.

Nazara Tech

Pre IPO Price:
545
IPO Price:
1101
Listing Price:
1990
Absoulte return 265%

1 Lac Invested in Nazara Tech pre-ipo turned into 3.6 Lac after listing.

Dmart Avenue

Pre IPO Price:
280
IPO Price:
300
Listing Price:
616
Absoulte return 120%

1 Lac Invested in Dmart Avenue pre-ipo turned into 2.2 Lac after listing.

Reliance Retail Ltd

Price in 2019:
450
Current Price:
3250
Absoulte return 622.22%

1 Lac Invested in Reliance Retail Ltd pre-ipo turned into 7.2 Lac.

Tata Technologies

Price in 2019:
1100
Current Price:
6350
Absoulte return 477.27%

1 Lac Invested in Tata Technologies pre-ipo turned into 5.7 Lac.

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